Saturday, July 11, 2020

Hue Royal court music features

Hue royal court music is a world culture heritage of Vietnam.  This kind of music has the owns feature which make them special and interesting .

Being closely connected with “tuong” (hat boi) art

Tuong is an almost permanent art kind in court cultural activities and a necessary item in the ceremonies of the enthroning of Nguyen Dynasty. Tuong and court dances are closely associated. The principal gestures of tuong dances, in which students of tuong should be trained, are the very gestures of “flowers” dance. Many melodies in court dances are tuong melodies.

Richness and diversity

Hue Court Music synthesizes itself the abundance and diversity in many aspects. In the arttype aspect, it contains all elements of music, dance, drama, prose, poetry, fine arts (decorative art, carving and inlaying of musical instruments as well as the dresses and implements of artists, etc). In the genre aspect, it is composed of ritual music, chamber music, stage music, instrumental music, vocal music, music for dance and acting.

Hue Court Music is diversified in types of instrument and timbre, in repertoires, in kinds of orchestra organization and ensemble forms (duo, trio, quintet, sextet, etc.). Its performance environment could be indoor or outdoor, at shrines or worshipping rostrums, on stages or on boats, etc. It is rich in melody too, (the Bac, Xuan, Ai, Dung, Thien … nuances with different characteristics and sonorities). So Hue Court Music could satisfy both the spectators’ audition and vision by its abundance “dishes of different tastes”.

Large scale and highly professional

As the official music of the state, Hue Court Music consists of many large scale orchestras, many music and dance items were performed by a big staff of instrumentalists, singers and dancers. For example, the “Co xuy Dai nhac” orchestra is composed of over 40 instrumentalists, “Bat dat” or “Bai bong” dances are performed by o4 dancers, not including instrumentalists.
Talents selected royal instrumentalists

The former royal instrumentalists were the talents selected from the whole country. They were nursed and trained for many years, even from childhood to be highly professional musical executants.

High degree of improvisation and variation of the melodious scheme

For the same melody, musical instruments can perform differently to show their distinctive advantages; the instrumentalists can also play the same melody in various ways according to mood, inspiration and performance environment, etc. In music performance this improvisation and variation is not free because they are regulated by rigid rules. Moreover, improvisation is a criterion to value the artist’s talent. Correct and good improvisation can only be obtained thanks to inborn talent, long run learning and training. Possibly, due to this trait, a chamber’ orchestra is composed of the single instruments, which helps to create an intimate, hearttoheart atmosphere.

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